Three phase induction motors employ a simple construction composed of a stator covered with electromagnets, and a rotor made up of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They focus on the basic principle of induction where a rotating electro-magnetic field it produced by applying a three-phase current at the stators electromagnets. Therefore induces a current inside the rotor’s conductors, which in turns creates rotor’s magnetic field that attempts to follow stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into rotation.
Benefits of AC Induction Motors are:
Induction motors are basic and rugged in construction. They are more robust and can operate in virtually any environmental condition
Induction motors are cheaper in expense due to simple rotor construction, absence of brushes, commutators, and slide rings
They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors due to the lack of brushes, commutators and slip rings
Induction motors could be operated in polluted and explosive environments as they don’t have brushes which can cause sparks
AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Devices meaning that the rotor will not turn at the precise same speed as the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator acceleration is necessary in order to make the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip should be kept in a optimal range in order for the motor to use effectively. Roboteq AC Induction controllers could be configured to operate in another of three modes:
Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open loop mode where a order causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage alter.
Controlled Slip: a Closed Loop speed where voltage and frequency are managed to keep slip within a narrow range while working at a preferred speed.
Field Oriented Control (Induction Motor Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Rate and Torque control that works by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.
Observe this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration on how AC Induction Motors are constructed and work.